What is Coronavirus?
Coronavirus: A mysterious strain of Coronavirus has already killed over 2100 people in China and it has also infected thousands of people across the globe. Three positive cases are confirmed in India as well and authorities are working to contain the spread of the pathogen.
The World Health Organisation has named the disease caused by the novel coronavirus Covid-19. WHO has already declared its outbreak a public health emergency of international concern.
Coronavirus a large family of viruses that can cause various illnesses that can range from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome or middle east respiratory syndrome. You should also know that Coronaviruses are zoonotic which means that they can be transmitted between animals and people.
Detail investigations found that severe acute respiratory syndrome was transmitted from civet cats to humans and Middle East respiratory syndrome was transmitted from camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are also circulating in animals that I have not reached humans.
U.S. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention has already declared that there are seven types of coronavirus that can easily infect humans. They include Covid-19 variety as well and all the viruses that can cause severe acute respiratory syndrome and the Middle East respiratory syndrome. Both of these problems have already killed thousands of people across the globe. Human to human transmission of this problem has also been confirmed.
You should know that Covid-19 has a less fatality rate than the SARS virus. But it is spreading faster and it is also a high global risk. The risk assessment for China is very high and the death toll is increasing every day. China has already reported more than 15,000 cases alone.
There are many other countries as well who are a great risk. The infection has already spread to several continents and the number is also rising and a very short time duration
People who get infected by this virus show various respiratory symptoms like cough, fever and breathing problems. In some cases, this infection can also cause pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome and even death. It has already killed more than 2100 people in China.
This virus is not spreading in the communities in the US but the greatest risk of infection is for people who are living in China or you have already traveled to China recently. People who are dealing with infected human beings are also at higher risk because they are taking care of them and they can also suffer from this respiratory illness. This problem was first identified in Wuhan, China.
How are Coronavirus infections diagnosed?
To make a diagnosis your health care provider will take your medical history and he will also ask you about your symptoms in the beginning only. We will do a physical exam and he may also do some blood tests. He can also do some blood tests of sputum, a sample from throat swab or other respiratory samples.
How coronavirus infections spread?
This virus usually spread from an infected person to others through the air by coughing or sneezing. Close personal contact can also be a reason for the spread and if you are taking any object or surface with the virus on it and then you also touch your mouth nose or eyes before washing your hands then you will definitely see symptoms after some time.
What are the treatments of coronavirus infection?
There is no specific treatment available for this coronavirus infection and most of the people are getting better on their own but you can get relief by taking medicines for pain, fever, and cough. But you should not give Aspirin to children and do not give cough medicines to the children whose age is under 4.
You should also use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to reduce your cough problem. You can start drinking fluid and take plenty of rest. You can also contact your health care provider as soon as you start facing problems. There is no specific vaccine or treatment available for this problem but if you will take proper medical care then you can definitely relieve the symptoms.
You should take proper rest and you should also avoid overexertion.
Try to drink as much water as possible and do not suffer from dehydration at any point in time. You need to avoid smoking and the smoky areas as well.
You can also take acetaminophen and naproxen to reduce your problems like pain and fever.
You should use a clean humidifier or cool mist vaporizer in your room to give yourself more relief.
Acute respiratory syndrome is a highly contagious disease that can be caused by a coronavirus. You should know that it is a life-threatening form of pneumonia disease and this virus started off in Southern China in November 2002. Eventually reached Hongkong and from there it spread all around the world and infected people in 27 countries.
SARS-CoV is a very unique kind of virus as it can easily infect your upper and lower respiratory tract and it can also cause gastroenteritis. The symptoms of this problem usually start in a week and they start with a fever only. People start developing flu-like symptoms dry coughing, diarrhea breathlessness, aches and chills. These problems may also go towards pneumonia and that can be life-threatening.
The Middle East respiratory syndrome is also caused by a unique virus known as MERS-CoV coronavirus. This virus was first recognized in 2012 and it has already surfaced in Saudi Arabia and then it spread to other countries like the US and South Korea as well. L it is spread to other countries as well and the symptoms include breathlessness cutting fever and other respiratory illnesses as well. All the cases of this problem are linked to the individual who has recently returned from the Arabian Peninsula. It is fatal for 30 to 40% of people who came in contact with the virus. Doctors are trying hard to find the best cure for this problem but it is still in progress.